Benefits and Risks of Hernia Repair Surgery

benefits of hernia surgery

Benefits and risks of hernia repair surgery

Picture this: you’re lifting some heavy boxes while moving to a new apartment, and suddenly you feel a sharp pain in your groin. After a quick visit to the doctor, you learn that you have a hernia – a condition where a part of your internal organ pushes through a weakened area of your abdominal wall.

Hernias are a common problem, affecting millions of people worldwide. And while some hernias can be managed with lifestyle changes and medication, others require surgical intervention. But just like any other medical procedure, hernia repair surgery comes with its own set of benefits and risks.

What are the benefits of hernia repair surgery?

First and foremost, surgery can help relieve the pain and discomfort associated with a hernia. Hernias can cause a range of symptoms, including a bulge or swelling in the affected area, a dull ache or sharp pain, and difficulty lifting heavy objects. Repairing the hernia can help alleviate these symptoms and improve your quality of life.

Additionally, hernia repair surgery can help prevent complications. In some cases, a hernia can become incarcerated or strangulated, which means that the organ that’s pushed through the weakened area gets trapped, and its blood supply is cut off. This medical emergency requires immediate surgery to prevent tissue damage and potential organ failure. By repairing the hernia before it becomes incarcerated or strangulated, surgery can help prevent these serious complications from occurring.

Risks of Hernia Repair Surgery?

However, like any medical procedure, hernia repair surgery carries some risks.

One of the most common risks of hernia repair surgery is infection. During the procedure, the surgeon makes an incision in your abdominal wall, which creates an entry point for bacteria. Bacteria entering the wound can cause an infection that may require antibiotics or additional surgery to treat. To minimize the risk of infection, your surgeon will take precautions like using sterile equipment and prescribing antibiotics before and after surgery.

Another potential risk of hernia repair surgery is recurrence. Even after successful surgery, there is a chance that the hernia could come back. This is because the underlying weakness in your abdominal wall that caused the hernia in the first place may still be present. To reduce the risk of recurrence, your surgeon may use a mesh or sutures to reinforce the weakened area during the repair.

In rare cases, hernia repair surgery can lead to other complications, such as bleeding, nerve damage, or allergic reactions to anesthesia. However, these risks are relatively low and can be minimized with careful planning and skilled surgical technique.


All in all, hernia repair surgery can provide significant benefits for those who are suffering from the pain and discomfort of a hernia. However, weighing the potential risks and benefits with your doctor is important to determine if surgery is the right option for you. And remember, there are also non-surgical options available for managing hernias, such as wearing a supportive garment or making lifestyle changes to reduce strain on your abdominal wall.

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