Colorectal Surgery

What is Colorectal Surgery?

Colorectal surgery is a surgical specialty that focuses on diagnosing and treating conditions affecting the colon (large intestine), rectum, and anus. Colorectal surgery may be done for various reasons when the colon or rectum doesn’t function their work properly and cause lifestyle complications.

When do I need Colorectal Surgery?

Colorectal surgery may be necessary for a variety of reasons. The decision to undergo colorectal surgery will depend on the individual’s condition, symptoms, overall health, and other factors. Some common reasons someone may need colorectal surgery include

Colon or rectal cancer: Surgery is often the primary treatment for colorectal cancer. Depending on the stage and location of cancer, surgery may involve removing a portion of the colon or rectum, nearby lymph nodes, and surrounding tissues.

Diverticulitis: This disease is mainly associated with the colon. A serious condition where small pouches called diverticula to develop in the colon and become inflamed or infected. Surgery for complications such as abscesses, fistulas, or perforations may be needed.

Inflammatory bowel disease: Surgery may be necessary for people with ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease who do not respond to medications or experience severe symptoms. Surgery may involve removing the affected portion of the colon or rectum.

Rectal prolapse: This is a condition where the rectum bulges out from the anus. Surgery may be needed to repair the cause and prevent complications such as incontinence or infection.

Hemorrhoids: Surgery may be needed if hemorrhoids cause severe pain or bleeding that does not respond to other treatments.

Fistulas or abscesses: Surgery may be necessary to remove infected tissues, drain abscesses, or repair abnormal connections between the rectum or anus and other organs.

How is the laparoscopic bowel surgery done?

Laparoscopic bowel surgery, or laparoscopic colorectal surgery, is a minimally invasive surgical technique to treat conditions affecting the colon, rectum, and anus. Here are the general steps of laparoscopic bowel surgery to treat any dysfunction associated with the colon, rectum, or anus:

Anesthesia: The patient is given general anesthesia, which puts them to sleep and ensures they feel no pain during the surgery.

Incisions: The surgeon makes several small incisions in the abdomen.

Laparoscope insertion: The laparoscope is inserted through one of the incisions, allowing the surgeon to view the inside of the abdomen on a monitor.

Surgical instruments insertion: Additional small instruments are inserted through the other incisions. These instruments, such as cutting and suturing tissues, are used to perform the surgery.

Surgery: The surgeon performs the surgical procedure using the laparoscope and instruments. This may involve removing a portion of the colon or rectum, repairing a prolapse or hernia, or treating cancer or inflammatory bowel disease.

Closure: After completing the surgery, the surgeon removes the instruments and laparoscope and closes the incisions using sutures or surgical glue.

What are the methods of colon cancer treatment surgery?

Colon cancer has no other options except colorectal surgery. As per the individual need and stage of the disease, the best colorectal surgeon will recommend the most effective method of colon cancer treatment surgery. Here are some of the methods of colon cancer treatment surgery:

Polypectomy: This is a minimally invasive procedure used to remove small, noncancerous growths called polyps from the colon. The procedure may be done during a colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy.

Colectomy: This is a surgery to remove a portion of the colon that contains the cancerous tumor. The remaining parts of the colon are then reconnected. The type of colectomy performed will depend on the location of cancer.

Colostomy or Ileostomy: In some cases, it may not be possible to reconnect the remaining parts of the colon after colectomy.

Instead, a colostomy or ileostomy is created, an opening in the abdomen through which waste can exit the body and be collected in a bag. Depending on the individual patient’s needs, this may be temporary or permanent.

Lymph node removal: During a colectomy, nearby lymph nodes may also be removed to determine if cancer has spread beyond the colon.

Laparoscopic or Robotic surgery: Colectomy and other colon cancer surgeries may be performed using minimally invasive techniques, such as laparoscopic or robotic surgery. This involves making small incisions in the abdomen and using a laparoscope or robot to perform the surgery.

What are the risks of colorectal surgery?

The potential risks and complications associated with colorectal surgery will depend on the type of surgery, the patient’s overall health, and other factors.

Some minor odd indications may involve infection in the area of surgery, bowel obstructions, and some side effects with anesthesia that can be treated with medications. 

The major complications may involve blood clots and damage to nearby organs, a hernia, or the patient might loss of bowel control or urinary incontinence.

What are the benefits of colorectal surgery?

Colorectal surgery may ultimately lead you to improve your quality of life. Here are some potential benefits of colorectal surgery:

Treatment of cancer: Colorectal surgery is one of the primary treatments for colon cancer, and it can help remove cancerous tumors and prevent cancer from spreading to other parts of the body.

Relief of symptoms: For conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, diverticulitis, or rectal prolapse, colorectal surgery can help relieve symptoms such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, and rectal bleeding.

Prevention of complications: In some cases, colorectal surgery can prevent complications such as bowel obstruction, perforation, or fistula.

Improved quality of life: By relieving symptoms and preventing complications, colorectal surgery can improve a patient’s quality of life and allow them to return to normal activities.

Minimally invasive options: Some types of colorectal surgery can be performed using minimally invasive techniques, such as laparoscopic or robotic surgery. These techniques can result in less pain, smaller scars, and faster recovery than traditional open surgery.

Get your colorectal surgery done with the best colorectal surgeon in Hyderabad

Our specialist Dr. Vijaykumar offers the most advanced surgical treatments to treat any issues related to the rectum, anus, and colon. His patients are happy with the treatment and live their post-surgery life peacefully without severe complications. Hence, known as the best colon and rectal surgeon. 

Also, his expertise in robotic surgery provides customers with the most effective outcomes. He conducts an open discussion with the patient and the team to keep everything transparent and make the most successful decisions to save you from life-threatening diseases. Your search for the best colorectal surgeon in Hyderabad ends with Dr. Vijaykumar C. Bada.

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Dr. Vijaykumar C. Bada is the best Gastroenterologist in Hyderabad city of Telangana. 

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